Nador is a coastal city and provincial capital in the northeastern Rif region of Morocco with a population of about 161,726 (2014 census). Nador city is separated from the Mediterranean Sea by a salt lagoon named Bḥar Ameẓẓyan in Berber (Mar Chica in Spanish) and is 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of the Spanish-occupied city of Melilla. Nador was founded in the 19th by local Berber tribes century and was under Spanish occupation until Morocco's independence in 1956. The Nador Province has over 600,000 inhabitants, predominantly of Rif-Berber ethnicity. Nador is considered the second largest city in the Oriental East after Wejda.